Ekiti State is one of the states in South Western Nigeria. The state is located in the North Eastern corner of the South West geopolitical zone.
‘The state is mainly an upland zone rising over 250 meters above sea level with a rhythmically undulating surface. The landscape consists of ancient plains broken by steep-sided outcropping dome rocks’. These rocks occur singly or in groups or ridges providing a spectacularly majestic scenic view of the landscape. The state derives its name from the ruggedness of the terrain. It is a very scenic state due to its hills and ridges.
Not all the outcropped rocks are dome shaped however. The domes are mostly devoid of significant vegetation. There are multiple flat topped rocky hills forming plateaus also devoid of significant vegetation. There is a large number of rhythmic raised plains covered with dense rain forest type vegetation almost reminiscent of ‘sea or ocean waves’ as seen from a distance. Some of the ridges appear stacked one behind the other in some places. Some of the rocks appear in boulders of various sizes with multiple boulders stacked up one on top of the other and behind the other. Some of the boulders are found at the foothills.
Some of the outcropped rocks are perhaps igneous or metamorphic in nature. Most are dark, shining and smooth or rough surfaced with evidence of weathering effect. The hilly ridges provide a panoramic hilly green scenery as you drive through the state. This is probably responsible for the winding roads common throughout the state. Where the roads have been cut through the hills you could see evidence of layering suggestive of sedimentary rock formations while some show evidence of limestone, quartz or other minerals deposition.
In the rural areas, some of the ridges and hills show evidence of forest denudation probably from farming process while most continue to show evidence of virgin forest coverage. In the towns and cities, housing developments are noted to have crept to the foothills. Some hill tops have become abode for the wealthy! Foot paths are present along some of these hills consistent with human traffic to and from the top of the hills.
Some of the hills particularly the granite domes have some interesting “history” mostly related to their uses during the early settlements of their respective surrounding communities. Some are deified and worshiped with annual festivals staged for sacrifices and as tourist attractions.
I have selected some photos that capture some of the characteristics described in this blog. Posters or high definition photos of these mountains/hills are available upon request.